GOVT. AYURVEDIC COLLEGE & HOSPITAL GUWAHATI

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Govt. Ayurvedic College,Jalukbari, Guwahati-14, assam
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Introduction

          The Government Ayurvedic College is the pioneer institute of Indian system of medicine, in the entire North East India. It was established in the year 1948. The college is situated at Jalukbari, at a distance of 800 meter from the National Highway. Previously the  College was affiliated by Gauhati University, Assam  and still the old  batches of students have been continuing their work under this University. After establishment of Health University in the state, the teaching,   research   and   examination   etc.   of   the  College have   been brought  under   Srimanta  Sankardeva  University  of  Health  Sciences,  Assam  w.e.f. 2010 and the syllabus & curriculum  prescribed  by  the Central Council of Indian Medicine, the statutory   body  of Indian System of Medicine,   adopted  by  the  University.

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Establishment
          It was established after independence with a spirit of nationalism by the enthusiastic efforts of our great leaders Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi, Lokbandhu Bhuvaneswar Baruah and founder principal Late Dr Jagdish Ch. Bhattacharya. This college was introduced in a rented house at Uzan bazaar on 20th December 1948 by the then Prime Minister of Assam Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi. After one year, it was shifted to the government house at Chandmari (the present site of Assam Engineering Institute) and in July 1959 the college was permanently shifted to present site at Jalukbari, Guwahati-14, Assam. In the year 1960, Guwahati Medical Colege took birth in this college at the present jalukbari site. Since then for a period of 7 years, the college building had been shared by both the college.
Function
            Before independence the Lahore Congress session passed resolutions to establish Institutions related to Indian culture & heritage and scientific knowledge and to establish at least one or more Ayurvedic College in each of the state of the country in order to foster and patronize the Indian system of medicine. The establishment of Govt. Ayurvedic College at Guwahati(Assam) is also having the aim to serve the following functions.
       a)    To expand the Ayurvedic Education in systemic way.
       b)   To spread the practical knowledge for preparation of medicines as well as to acquire clinical knowledge through teaching and study of this ancient science for healing touch to the people of entire NE region of India.
       c)    To serve the people of Assam and whole NE region in promotive of health and curative aspects.
       d)    To identify and cultivate medicinal plants and its practical use.
      e)    The college has its own hospital, functioning with both OPD and IPD section to serve the ailing people.
        f)    The college has its own manufacturing unit, now it has been upgraded to state pharmacy for preparation of medicines and for practical demonstration to the students
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Course and Curriculum
            Initially there was 4½  years diploma course which continued up to 1973. The enrolment of students was 25 per year and the Govt. of Assam, constituted a Board i.e. Board of Ayurvedic Medicine, to frame rule-regulation, syllabus, curriculum and also to conduct the examinations. Thereafter with the support of student strength, teachers and employees along with public pressure the college authority introduced degree course and in the(month of November,1974, the two year pre-Ayurvedic course started before the main 5½
year BAMS degree course under Gauhati University, Assam. After two years of introduction of  pre-Ayurvedic course, the pre-Ayurvedic passed candidates and the P.U. Sc. (presently HSSLC Science) passed candidates were eligible for admission into the BAMS course which was introduced in the year 1977. In the year 1983, the pre-Ayurvedic course was abolished and HSSLC Science students were admitted directly on the basis of merit having minimum 50% marks in P,C,B&E(Physics, Chemistry, Biology & English). Now the candidates have to appear in a Common Entrance Examination test (CEE,Assam) and according on the basis of merit the students get admission in the B.A.M.S. course. In the time of starting of degree  course, there were only twenty enrolment of students and it was increased to 25 and 30 in different year successively and in the year 1995, the intake capacity again increased up to 50, where 6(six) seats were allotted for NE states (1 seat for each state). Recently 1 more seat has been allotted for students from foreign countries.  At present four Professional final examinations are being held annually maintaining a duration of 4 years of main course under Srimanta Sankardeva University of Health Sciences, Assam as per C.C.I.M. prescribed syllabus and curriculum, then one year compulsory rotatory internship  is necessary to complete the 5 year degree BAMS course.
            Two undergraduate departments (1) Kaya chikitsa & (2) Sanskrit Samhita and Siddhanta had been upgraded to PG dept. in the year 2001, and presently four more departments have been upgraded to post graduate department in the year 2014. Currently, 24 post graduate seats have been allotted to these six different departments as following-
                                 1. M.D. (Ayurved) in Kaya Chikitsa.                            : 6 seats
                                 2. M.D. (Ayurved) in Samhita Siddhanta                     : 6 seats
                                 3. M.S. (Ayurved) in Shalya Tantra                              : 3 seats
                                 4. M.S. (Ayurved) in Prasuti Tantra & Stree Roga        : 4 seats
                                 5. M.D. (Ayurved) in Roga Nidan                                 : 3 seats
                                 6. M.D. (Ayurved) in Sharir Rachana                           : 2 seats
 
            Moreover the college has been conducting two year D. Pharma (ayu) course since1989 with the intake capacity of 20. The Eligibility for admission into D. Pharm(Ayu) is 10+2 (science stream) qualification on merit basis.
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Departments
            There were seven departments in the college initially. At present the existing seven departments have been bifurcated into 14 departments vide Govt. notification number No. HLB.222/2003/123 dated the 2nd April’2008 as per CCIM norms. They are-

(1) Kaya Chikitsa (Medicine)
(2) Shalya (General Surgery)
(3) Shalakya (ENT & Opthalmology)
(4) Sanskrit, Samhita and Siddhanta (Basic Principles)
(5) Prasuti Tantra & Striroga (Obstetrics & Gynaecology)
(6) Bala Roga (Pediatrics)
(7) Pancakarma (Physiotherapy)
(8) Swasthavritta (Preventive & Social Medicine)
(9) Dravyaguna (Pharmacology) 
(10) Rasashastra & Bhaisajya Kalpana (Rejuvenative & Pharmaceutical Science)
(11) Agada tantra & Vidhi Shastra (Toxicology & Forensic Medicine)
(12) Roga Nidan & Vikriti Vigyan (Dignostic & Pathological Science)
(13) Rachana Sarir (Anatomy)
(14) Kriya Sarir (Physiology)
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The Central Library

              The new two floor library building is functioning from 2008, facilitating a sufficient number of books, journals, thesis papers etc. both of Ayurveda and modern system and proper space for students, research scholars and teachers.

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Health Care Facilities
           The government Ayurvedic College is attached with a hospital having OPD and IPD facilities. At present the IPD of the hospital is functioning with 150 number of beds. The NEC(north east council) in collaboration with Govt. of  Assam has sanctioned a new sophisticated 300 beded hospital and the ground floor of the building was opened by hon’ble Chief Minister on 20th Dec. 2005.  In this new building X- ray, USG & immunization centre are providing services  and the remaining part is utilizing by the Prasuti & Stree Roga Deptt and Kaumarbhritya Deptt. Four Cabin rooms, nursing room, Faculty chambers, wards, Panchakarma unit, Eye OT, labour rooms and General OT. Some OPD are also running in this new hospital building. Old Assam type hospital building has been renovated, where IPD beds are allotted for Kayachikitsa, Salya, Shalakya (eye) and Swastharakshan (Roga nidan , swasthvritta, Samhita and siddhanta, Dravyaguna & RSVK Deptt.) . Another new building has recently been completed where the Emergency service, Few OPDs and Junior Doctor's room has been shifted.